What Causes Spotting Before Period?
Spotting before periods is reasonably common and in most women it’s likely due to hormone imbalance or pregnancy.
These are few common reasons why it happens:
1. You Started a Pill
- Birth control pills are commonly used to prevent pregnancy.
- During the first weeks and months while you start taking a pill, you may experience spotting in between your period.
- This usually resolves as your body adopts to your pills
2. Implantation Bleeding or Pregnancy
- Spotting can occur a week or some days before period is due
- When this happens and you’ve not been using contraception, it is likely due to implantation bleeding (pregnancy) rather than a menstrual period.
- Implantation bleeding occurs after fertilized embryo burrows into your womb.
- This bleeding is short-lived last for 1-2 days with mild cramps.
3. Delayed Ovulation
- Delayed ovulation can occur due to stress or long time medical problems like diabetes or hypertension
- Ovulation is the rupture and release of egg from the ovaries
- This results to slight spotting.
- Other ovulation signs and symptoms are breast pain and swelling, ovulation cramps, increased sexual desire and abdominal bloating
4. Chronic Stress
During a physical or psychological stress, cortisol levels increases. Increased level of cortisol results to early spotting period
5. Vaginal Infection
- Vaginal infections in young women can cause bleeding any time within your menstrual cycle and before your period
- Symptoms of vaginal infections are persistent vaginal itching, smelly vagina, pain during sex and bleeding after intercourse
6. Other Causes
Rarely, spotting is due to more serious conditions such as
- Uterine polyps
- Endometrial cancer
- Cervical cancer